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    Comment concilier les temps de vie des enfants, des familles, des professionnels de l’éducation en visant le bien-être de tous et le développement optimal des enfants ?

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    Quels sont les dispositifs éducatifs et les initiatives les plus adaptées à la prise en compte des rythmes biologiques et psychologiques dans le développement de l’enfant ?

    Chronobiologie et chronopsychologie

    Comment les rythmes biologiques, psychologiques et sociaux influent sur l’action éducative ?
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en Role of school schedule, age, and parental socioeconomic status on sleep duration and sleepiness of Parisian children.

Par Nicole GUERIN, Suzanne BOULENGUIEZ, Alain REINBERG, François TESTU, Mohammed MECHKOURI, Yvan TOUITOU

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Chronobiol Int. 2001 Nov;18(6):1005-17

Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess the duration and quality of sleep of prepubertal (Tanner Scale level 1) physically and mentally healthy children as a function of school schedule (4 versus 4.5 days per week), age and grade (median age of 9.5 years for 4th grade versus median age of 10.5 years for 5th grade), school district (wealthy versus nonwealthy) in Paris, France, and parental socioeconomic status (high, medium, or low). We studied 51 girl and 44 boy volunteer pupils with written parental consent. The study lasted 2 weeks during the month of March. During the first study week, the children attended school 4.5 days, and during the second week, they attended school only 4 days without difference in the length of the school day. A sleep log was used to ascertain time of lights off for sleep and lights on at awakening, nighttime sleep duration, and self-rated sleep quality. A visual analog scale (VAS) was also used by pupils to self-rate the level of perceived sleepiness at four specific times of the school day. Conventional statistical methods (e.g., t and chi2 tests) were used to examine differences in mean values. Sleep duration, self-rated sleepiness, and subjective sleep quality were comparable (P > .05) by gender, school schedule, school district, and parental socioeconomic status. Overall, the sleep of this sample of Parisian children around 10 years of age was rather stable in its duration and timing, suggesting flexibility to adjust to the different school schedules.

PMID: 11777075 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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